Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti Ghareeb Nawaz History in English
If you can read history in Hindi or Urdu then click here.
Sayyiduna Khawaja Ghareeb Nawaz Mu’eeenudden Hasan Sanjri Chishti Ajmayri is also highly regarded amongst these blessed saints.
He arrived in Hind (India) in the 6th Hijri and bought about a great spiritual and social revolution, by which, even the cruel and tyrant ruler of India was deeply impressed with awestruck with this amazing personality and included himself amongst the followers of Sayyiduna Khawaja Ghareeb Nawaz after seeking repentance. Let’s listen to some beautiful chapters of his blessed life.
He was born in 537 Hijri, corresponding to 1142 AC, in a place called ‘Sanjar’, an area in Seestaan or Sijitaan (in present-day Iran).
Name & Lineage:
The blessed name of Sayyiduna Khawaja Ghareeb Nawaz is ‘Hasan’. He is a Hasani and Husaini ‘Sayyid’ since his maternal and paternal genealogies are respectively traced from Sayyiduna Imam Hasan and Sayyiduna Imam Husayn. His most renowned titles are ‘Mueenuddeen’, ‘Khwaja Ghareeb Nawaz’, ‘Sultan-ul-Hind’, ‘Warris-un-Nabi’ and ‘Ataa-e-Rasool’ etc., and his blessed lineage is ‘Sayyid Mueenuddeen Hasan Bin Sayyid Ghiyaasuddeen Hasan Bin Sayyid Najmuddeen Tahir Bin Sayyid ‘Abdul Azeez’.
The respected father of Khawaja Ghareeb Nawaz, Sayyid Ghiyaasuddeen Hasan was regarded amongst the wealthy & influential people of Sanjar; he was exceedingly pious and he was also endowed with miraculous powers. The Honourable mother of Khawaja Ghareeb Nawaz was also a woman of excellent character who would remain engaged in worship & devotion.
He lost his father at the early age of 15. He inherited an orchard and a watermill which served as his means of livelihood, he would look after the orchard and irrigate the trees himself.
Travelling for acquiring ‘Ilm e Deen:
Sayyiduna Khwaja Mu’eenuddeen Chishti Ajmayri started travelling at the young age of 15 for acquiring knowledge. He arrived at the great canter of learning in Samarqand is the court of Sayyiduna Maulana Sharfuddeen where he started to gain’ Ilm-e-Deen Formally, becoming a Hafiz-ul-Quran and then acquiring other branches of knowledge which led him to gain other branches of knowledge as well; the more he learned, the more thirst he was learning knowledge of Deen; so, in order to quench this insatiable thirst for knowledge, he headed towards Bukhara and sought the blessed guidance & patronage of the highly remarkable scholar of Deen, Maulana Husaamuddeen Bukhari by becoming his student, and graduating in all Deeni branches of knowledge under the tutelage and shade of affection of Maulana Hussamuddeen Bukhari in total, he stayed for 5 years in Samarqand and Bukhara for acquiring knowledge.
In pursuit of a perfect leader:
During this duration, he had gained all apparent branches of knowledge, but he was still unsatisfied; the eagerness and the deep longing, for he had left his house & family, was leaving unfulfilled.
Therefore, he went in search of such a perfect spiritual guide who could fulfil yearning. For this purpose, he travelled to Hijaaz from Bukhara. On the way, was Neeshaapur (Khurasan province, Iran), when he passed by a suburban area called ‘ Haarwan’ and heard about the Qutb-ul-Waqt (spiritual governor of his time) the great spiritual leader, Sayyiduna ‘Usman Haarwani Chishti, he was initiated into the Chishtiyyah Sufi order by seeking allegiance on the hands of Sayyiduna Usman Haarwani Chishti.
Journey to India:
In compliance with the above spiritual command, he set out to India and after passing many places like Baghdad (most Beautiful city), Samarqand, Bukhara, Neshapur, Tabrez, Awash, Isfahan, Sabzwar, Khurasan, Khirqan, Istarabad, Balk, and Ghazni etc., he finally reached Ajmer Sharif (Rajasthan province); during this whole journey, he met hundreds of saints and leaders of the Ummah, He arrived in the court of Sayyiduna Ghaus-e-Azam Muhiyyuddeen Sayyid Abdul Qadir Jeelani and acquired blessings from his court for five months; in Tabriz, he earned the legacy of knowledge from the court of Shaykh Badruddeen Abu Saeed Tabrizi; In Istarabad, he gained the blessings of ‘Allama Shaykh Naasiruddeen Istarabadi; in Khirqan, he visited the blessed tomb of Khawaja Abul Hasan Khirqani and Shaykh Abu Sa’eed Abul Khayr; he visited the tomb of Shaykh-ul-Islam Imam ‘Abdullah Ansari and in Balkh, he stayed in the Khanqah (spiritual center) of Shaykh Ahmad Khazrawayh.
Visiting the tomb of Sayyiduna Data Ganj Bakhsh Ali Hajwayri
In this blessed journey, Khawaja Mu’eenuddeen Chishti.
(Mirat-ul-Asrar, pp. 598)
While departing from the tomb, he expressed the glory and blessings of Sayyiduna Daata Ganj Bakhsh ‘Ali Hajwayri by this couplet;
Malfoozaat (blessed sayings)
The followers and disciples would always gather, in the court of Sultan-ul-Hind Sayyiduna Khawaja Ghareeb Nawaz and would be blessed with sayings and teachings through which they would reform and rectify their inner and outer selves. Khaleefa-e-Akbar and Sajjadah Nasheen, Sayyiduna Khawaja Qutbuddeen Bakhtiyaar Kaaki would immediately note down everything that was spoken by his Peer-o-Murshid; thus, Sayyiduna Khawaja Qutbuddeen Bakhtiyaar Kaaki compiled a book containing the blessed sayings of his Peer-o-Murshid. Let’s listen to some of those Madani pearls from this bouquet:
- One who attains purification by washing his private parts before going to bed, the blessed angels become a witness and they humbly ask Allah: ‘O Allah forgive him, he had slept after attaining purity’.
- Salah is a secret, one confides to Allah as it stated blessed in hadith: The one offering Salah shares a secret to his Creator Allah.
- One who swears a false oath; he deserts his house and blessings & good fortune goes away from his house.
- The acts pleasing to Allah are to help the depressed, make amends with the aggrieved, feed the hungry and release the prisoners.
- Company of the pious people is better than virtuous acts and company of wicked people is worse than wicked acts.
- It is a sign of misfortune that one considers himself noble despite committing sins.
- The friend of Allah is one who has these three qualities: Generosity like the ocean, affection like the sun and the quality of his hospitality is like the earth.